By the 9th century, Arabs were making high quality paper from recycled rags with additional fibers of of linen and cotton. This rag paper was still the standard paper in the 19th century with mainly linen fibers being added to the broken down rags. It was relatively expensive.
In the 1840s producers in Germany began mechanically breaking down 'scraps' from the timber industry to create a paper product. It was this pulp paper that would supply the demand for newsprint.
The use of the 19th century rag paper ( archival, non acidic) in my fabric sample ledgers has helped to preserve the vibrant colors of the fabric samples!
Ahead by a nose--Abby paddling with Ron at Hyalite--south of Bozeman.