Monday, June 25, 2018

'Hershey bars'

'Hershey bar' motif...document color, madder     
American Civil War (1861-1865) 

Economics of slavery and tariffs       The Southern plantation system provided an excellent way to grow tobacco and cotton. In response to the needs of the European (especially English) and later American cotton mills, planters doubled the cotton yield each decade after 1800, producing 75% of the world’s supply of raw cotton. The plantation owners and the cotton crop were vital to American’s economic growth as an independent country. This economic powerhouse, however, depended on a cheap labor force.

Regional economic differences between the North, South and the Northwest Territories increased during the first half of the 19th century, especially in the area of industrialization. The economy of the North, based largely on manufacturing, wanted high tariffs to protect those goods from cheap foreign competition. The South was heavily agricultural and dependent on the imported manufacturing goods. Tariffs increased the cost of these goods. The Federal government’s main source of revenue, before personal and corporate income taxes, was tariffs. It paid for national services (postal and banking) and improvements (roads and canals). The expanding Northwest Territories (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota) needed to move their grain and beef to the lucrative markets of the northeast.  Northern and Western farmers and merchants wanted a strong central government to protect trading and financial interests and to build and maintain the infrastructure of roads and, by mid century, railroads. The South was willing to do without these improvements and did not want interference in their institution of slavery.

 Soldier's Quilt from Washington Street Studio will be available at your quilt shop in October. I am scanning my strike offs. 

Sunday, June 17, 2018

Fashion fabric of the CW Era

In 1852 Prince Albert, consort to Queen Victoria, purchased the Balmoral estate and original castle. The Royal family visited frequently and embraced the local Scottish style......Tartans. Plaids of all scales quickly became a fashion statement on both sides of the Atlantic. 

Document color...printed plaid from A Soldier's Quilt

The plaids could be printed or yarn dyed. The scale varied from the above which would have been the height of Parisian stripe to gold stripe is 1 3/4 " something as small as an apron check that was more affordable. This document coloration is gold adjacent to dull lavender with a soft gray green.  See below....for the other 2 colorations in the Washington Street Studio line...A Soldier's Quilt.

Madder Style

Greeny blue with gold

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Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Soldier's Quilt

This Double Violet fabric design is the header for Cottonopia and from an 1863-68 sample book of mine.

My newest line, A Soldier's Quilt, by Washington Street Studio was introduced at Spring Quilt Market in Portland, OR.  Delivery is scheduled for October, 2018.

This design above is my favorite in the book.  The double violet version is the document color....there are 2 others. 
This image is from 8" X 8" piece of artwork. The sprigs are approximately 1 1/4" square.

Two additional colorations....double pinks and a grayed green.

The pencil stripe background is 2 shades of taupe.

I will be posting a series of short essays about the lead up to The War, the creation of the Sanitary Commission and their call for quilts or comforts.  

I grew up in a state that was formed during the American Civil War—West Virginia. Non-slaveholding western Virginia opposed secession. In June of 1861, a delegation in Wheeling (my home town) organized a government with allegiance to the Union. West Virginia became a state in 1863. As children, we played ‘North and South’!

The differences between the two regions of the country were not only political but also social and economic. Townspeople and small farmers populated New England where the soil and the topography were not suitable for large-scale plantations. Northern waterpower was the fuel for the American Industrial Revolution. The wealth and political power of the North came from industry and commerce. The South, however, was an agrarian society based on ‘old money’ and dominated politically by the planter class. The price of cotton at mid century was high and the market in both New England and Europe was strong. Southern plantation owners wanted more and more land plus cheap labor to sustain this boom.