Monday, June 25, 2018

'Hershey bars'

'Hershey bar' motif...document color, madder     
American Civil War (1861-1865) 

Economics of slavery and tariffs       The Southern plantation system provided an excellent way to grow tobacco and cotton. In response to the needs of the European (especially English) and later American cotton mills, planters doubled the cotton yield each decade after 1800, producing 75% of the world’s supply of raw cotton. The plantation owners and the cotton crop were vital to American’s economic growth as an independent country. This economic powerhouse, however, depended on a cheap labor force.

Regional economic differences between the North, South and the Northwest Territories increased during the first half of the 19th century, especially in the area of industrialization. The economy of the North, based largely on manufacturing, wanted high tariffs to protect those goods from cheap foreign competition. The South was heavily agricultural and dependent on the imported manufacturing goods. Tariffs increased the cost of these goods. The Federal government’s main source of revenue, before personal and corporate income taxes, was tariffs. It paid for national services (postal and banking) and improvements (roads and canals). The expanding Northwest Territories (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota) needed to move their grain and beef to the lucrative markets of the northeast.  Northern and Western farmers and merchants wanted a strong central government to protect trading and financial interests and to build and maintain the infrastructure of roads and, by mid century, railroads. The South was willing to do without these improvements and did not want interference in their institution of slavery.

 Soldier's Quilt from Washington Street Studio will be available at your quilt shop in October. I am scanning my strike offs. 

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