Saturday, July 21, 2018

Census and Culture   the 1850s census showed a 20% increase in the population of the Northern and ‘free’ states. This region had more canals and railroad tracks and over 80% of the new immigrants settled in the North, due largely to greater economic opportunities there.

The South had only 18% of the nation’s manufacturing capacity. A bright spot in the 1850 snap shot of the nation was Southern agriculture, especially cotton. Southern leaders were aware of the imbalance in the economic development of the two regions. A popular political slogan of that decade in the South was ‘bring the spindles to the cotton’. It did not happen. By 1860, the value of Southern textile production was just 10% of the total for America.

The minimal industrial development in the Southern states may have been due to the lack of capital. Most of the wealth was tied up in land and slaves and the cultural climate was unfriendly toward industrialization. Many Southerns considered ‘trade…a lowly calling fit for the Yankees, not for gentleman!’

I grew up in a 'border state' ( West Virginia) and have always been happy to be in 'trade'!
 From my new line...A Soldier's Quilt...coming in October from Washington Street Studio.

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

A Soldier's Quilt--1863-68

The Abolition Movement---Abolitionism in England, originally a radical idea embraced by only a few, began in the 1780s.  By 1807, the government had abolished slavery in Britain. The liberal ideals of the Enlightenment inspired revolution and reform in almost every country in Europe in the 1820s.  It reached Jamaica in 1831, where 60,000 slaves rebelled. The British Parliament took notice and abolished slavery throughout the Empire in 1833.

A long-standing Quaker tradition against slavery, the British example, and the Second Great Awaking (1790-1830) coalesced into an abolition movement in the United States in the early 19th century. William Lloyd Garrison founded The Liberator in Boston in 1831.  Boston became a hotbed of radical reform and the abolitionist movement in the United States.

The abolitionists were a vocal force against the morality of slavery, while the economics of the South were a strong financial force in favor.

Harriet Beecher Stowe, born in Litchfield, Connecticut in 1811, became involved in the abolition movement while living in Cincinnati, Oh, 1833-1850.She wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin originally as a serial in the antislavery paper, the Nation Era, Washington, D. C. (1851-1852).  Published in book form in 1852, it helped consolidate antislavery feelings in the North. The book is one of the all time best sellers in America. 

 Additional colors...A Soldier's Quilt by Washington Street Studio. Available 10/18